Part of this history is a unique musical heritage. The traditional music is carried forward from generation to generation, although upon tuning into the local radio station the visitor is far more likely to hear the distinctive sounds of Micronesian pop music, which has also developed its own character from state to state. Influenced obviously by traditional music, the FSM's pop music also draws from influences as diverse as American country and western, reggae, and modern europop. The basic subsistence economy is based on cultivation of tree crops primarily breadfruit, banana, coconut and citrus and root crops primarily taro and yam supplemented by fishing.
Federated States of Micronesia
Small scale agriculture and various traditional fishing practices continue today. Sharing, communal work, and the offering of tributes to the traditional leaders are fundamental to the subsistence economic system and the culture of the island societies of the FSM. The basic economic unit is the household, which consists primarily of extended families. Larger solitary social groups found on most of the FSM islands are matrilineal clans.
Traditional political systems, such as the Nahmwarki Political System on Pohnpei and the Council of Pilung on Yap, continue to play an important role in the lives of the people of the FSM today. The FSM has a rich history dating back several thousand years. The islands were originally settled by ancient people sailing east from Asia and north from Polynesia. Later discoverers and settlers included the Spanish, Germans, and Japanese and evidence of their former presence is found throughout the islands.
Following the trusteeship under U. II, the FSM is now independent and self-governing. Most linguistic and archaeological evidence indicates that the islands were first discovered and settled between two and three thousand years ago.
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The first settlers are often described as Austronesian speakers possessing horticultural skills and highly sophisticated maritime knowledge. These first settlers are thought to have migrated eastward from Southeast Asia to Yap. The oral histories of the Micronesian people indicate close affiliations and interactions in the past among the members of the island societies comprising the present-day FSM.
Spanish expeditions later made the first European contact with the rest of the Caroline Islands. Spain established its colonial government on Yap and claimed sovereignty over the Caroline Islands until At that time, Spain withdrew from its Pacific insular areas and sold its interests to Germany, except for Guam which became a U. German administration encouraged the development of trade and production of copra. In German administration ended when the Japanese navy took military possession of the Marshall, Caroline and Northern Mariana Islands.
Japan began its formal administration under a League of Nations mandated in During this period, extensive settlement resulted in a Japanese population of over , throughout Micronesia. The indigenous population was then about 40, Sugar cane, mining, fishing and tropical agriculture became the major industries. World War II brought an abrupt end to the relative prosperity experienced during Japanese civil administration. By the War's conclusion, most infrastructure had been laid waste by bombing and the islands and people had been exploited by the Japanese Military to the point of impoverishment.
As Trustee, the U.
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The President of the U. Navy Department until , when authority passed to the Department of the Interior. United Nations observers certified this referendum as a legitimate act of self- determination. Thereby, the people reasserted their inherent sovereignty which had remained dormant but intact, throughout the years of stewardship by the League of Nations and the United Nations. Upon implementation of the FSM Constitution on May 10, , the former Districts became States of the Federation, and in due course adopted their own State constitutions. Nationwide democratic elections were held to elect officials of the National and four State governments.
A judicial system was established pursuant to the National and State constitutions. Thereupon, the United States entered upon a period 86 of orderly transfer of governmental functions consistent with the terms and intent of the UN Trusteeship Agreement. After approval by the U. Congress, the Compact entered into force on November 3, It contains a Declaration of Rights similar to the U. Bill of Rights, specifying basic standards of human rights consistent with international norms. It also contains a provision protecting traditional rights.
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The Congress of the FSM is unicameral with fourteen Senators - one from each state elected for a four-year term, and ten who serve two-year terms, whose seats are apportioned by population. Currently, Chuuk has six seats, Pohnpei four and two each are held by Yap and Kosrae. The President and Vice President are elected to four-year terms by the Congress, from among the four year Senators, and the vacant seats are then filled in special elections.
At this time there are no other National courts. Justices are nominated by the President for a lifetime appointment and confirmed by the Congress. The State Governments under their Constitutions are structurally similar, all utilizing three branches, Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Their makeups vary according to their different circumstances. Climate The FSM enjoys a tropical climate, with relatively even, warm temperatures throughout the year. Landscape Geological land forms in the FSM are diverse, beautiful and pristine. You are you are precisely the definition is http: Open source buddhism, flying spaghetti monster created the church of obtaining a spiritual problems.
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